CAS &CAE Academicians
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LI Hengde

Li,Hengde, was born on June 30,1921 in Luoyang, Henan Province in China. He graduated from the National Northwestern College of Engineering of China in 1942 with a B.S. degree in Mining and Metallurgy. He worked in a steel works and then in an aircraft company from 1942 to 1945 before he went to USA in 1946 to pursue his graduate studies.

He attended Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh and obtained Ms M.S. in 1947 and started his career as a materials scientist since then. He worked one year under Prof. Paul Beck in Notre Dame University and finally moved to University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia to finish his Doctor's degree in 1953 under the direction of Prof. R. M. Brick and to work as a research associate until he returned to China in 1954.

He became an associate and then full professor of Tsinghua University, Beijing, China since 1955. He established the Nuclear Materials Division of the Department of Engineering Physics of Tsinghua University in 1956 and later on became the director of that Department in 1982-1986. He served as the director of the Institute of Materials of Research of Tsinghua University from 1979 to 1997. From 1986 to 1994 he served also as the director of the Department of Materials and Engineering Sciences of the newly formed National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC). He was consecutively elected as the President of Chinese Materials Research Society (C-MRS) both in 1991 and 1995, each term for 4 years. He was also elected in 1996 in Boston as the First Vice President of the International Union of Materials Research Societies (IUMRS) to serve the term for 1997 and 1998 and also the President of IUMRS for the years of 1999 and 2000. He seated in a number of national award committees. In 1994 he was elected as a member of the newly founded Chinese Academy of Engineering.

Education Background

1953, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, USA

1947, M. S., Carnegie Institute of Technology (now Carnegie Mellon), USA

1942, B. S., Northwest

Work Resume

1988- Professor, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University。

1982-1986 Director, Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University。

1957-1960 Asso. Prof. Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University

1960-1988 Professor, Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University

1955-1957 Asso. Prof., Chairman of the Division of Metals, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tsinghua University

Part-time Academic Job

1979-1997, Director, Institute of Materials Res., Tsinghua University

1986-1994, Director, Department of Materials and Engineerig Sciences, NSFC (Concurrent).

1963-1966, Concurrent Research Professor in Atomic Energy Research Institute,concurrent.

Research Field

Nuclear Materials

Ion Beam Modification of Materials

Bio-materials and Bio-mimetic

Research Situation

Prof. Li has devoted himself in various materials research areas over the past decades, particularly in Nuclear Materials, Ion Beam Modification of Materials, Bio-mimetic and Bio-inspired materials. He has led to establish these areas originally and then guided groups to develop and advance the field in Department of Engineering Physics as well as Department of Materials Science & Engineering, Tsinghua University.

Awards And Honors

More than 10 prizes from The National Commission of Education of China and the National Commission of Science and Technology of China since 1984

2009, MRS-Fellow, Materials Research Society,MRS

2000, ISI Citation Classic Award

2000, elected FBSE: Fellow, Biomaterials Science and Engineering

1998, Award of Science & Technology Achievement, Ho Leung Ho Lee Foundation

1994, Elected member,Chinese Academy of Engineering

Academic Achievements

    Prof. Li's research interest has been rather broad. He was one of the earliest scientists to work on the metal Beryllium in the late forties. He spent five years to study the plastic deformation behavior of Be single crystals from room temperature to 500 C. His work enabled people to understand and explain the brittleness of Be from the basis of its inherent deformation mechanism. He also had the opportunities to do research on the thermal cycling and irradiation growth of Uranium. He tried to study the irradiation growth of graphite by simulation with proton bombardment. He studied the gel-precipitation method to prepare UO2 kemels. He made extensive studies on the orientation distribution of zirconium hydrides in thin walled Zircalloy tubing. He was able to establish connections between the preferred orientation of Zircalloy and the distribution factors of zirconium hydrides in the tubing so as to enable the orientation distribution of the zirconium hydrides to be under control.

    He shifted his interest since 1978 to the area of ion beam modification of metals. He and his collaborators have published more than 100 papers in this area in international journals. They studied systematically, by using cross cylinder method, the tribological behavior of various steels after nitrogen implantation. This work drew attentions from their peers and the results were widely cited. Their works on the nitrogen implantation on titanium alloys used as hip joints were also extensive and of practical significance.

    Prof. Li became also interested in natural bioceramics and biomimetics. He and his coworkers made extensive observations of the structures of the nacre layer of mollusk shells. With the help of the Ion Beam,assisted deposition equipment they developed,they were able to make many heterogeneous nanometer scaled multilayer of ceramic/metal systems and have their mechanical properties characterized.

Selected Publications

1. H.T.Lee, Twinning in Beryllium (Research in Progress, JOM,Feb.,1952); H.T. Lee (H.D.Li), R.M.Brick, Deformation of Beryllium Single Crystals at 25 to 500C, Trans, ASM, 48, 1103 (1956).

2. H.D.Li. Orientation distribution studies of Zirconium Carbides in thin wall Zircalloy-4 fuel tubing and the way to control, internal report,(1975), in Chinese.

3. H.D.Li, P.S.Liu, S.C.Chang, H.C.Lu, H.H.Wang, K.Tao, Some Experimental Studies on Metal Implantations, J. of Nucl. Instr. Methods, 182/183, (1981) 915. 2nd IBMM Conference (1980).

4. Y. Kun, H.D.Li, etc., Some Practical Aspects of N+ Implantations Various Steels Related to Wearing, Nuclear Instr. and Meth. 209/210, 1063 (1983).

5. C.H.Liu, W.Z.Li, H.D.Li, Simulation of Nacre with TiC/metal Multilayers and a Study of Their Toughness, Mater. Sci. and Eng. C, 4(3), 139 (1996).

6. H.D.Li and X.M.He: Studies of diamond-like carbon films prepared by ion beam-assisted deposition. Bull. Mater. Sci., Vol. 17, No.7, Dec. 1994, 1415 (India).

7. L.J.Huang and H.D.Li: The Microstructures of the Biomineralized Bivalvia Shells, MRS Symp. Proc.(1990),101.

8. C.B. Mao, H.D.Li, etc., The Functionalization of Titanium with EDTA to Induce Biomimetic Mineralization of Hydroxyapatite, J. of Mater. Chem. 9(10), 2573 (1999).

9. H.B. Wen, F.Z. Cui, Q.L. Feng, H.D. Li, X.D. Zhu, Microstructural Investigation of the Early External Callus after Diaphyseal Fractures of Human Long-bones,, J. of Structural Bio., 114,2,(1995),115.

10. Y.D. Wang, C.L Ma, X.D. Sun, and H.D. Li, Preparation and Characterization of SnO2 Nanoparticles with a Surfactant-mediated Method. Nanotechnology, 13(5), 565 (2002).

11. H.D. Li, Bio and Molecular Chemistry Pave New Areas for Materials Research and Education. Journal of Material Education, Vol 26(1-2) 115-120,2004.

12. Q. Cai, Y. Geng, X. Zhao, H.D. Li, Morphological Classification of Mesoporous Silicas Synthesized in a Binary Water-ether Solvent System, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials.108(1-3), 123(2008).

13. W. Chen, Y. Geng, X.D. Sun, Q. Cai, H.D. Li, D. Weng, Achievement of thick mesoporous TiO2 crystalline films by one-step dip-coating approach. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials. 111(1-3), 219 (2008).

14. L. Zhou, H.D. Li, C.X. Shi, Materials research in China. Nature Materials. 7(8), 603(2008).

15. J. Li, Y. Shi, Q. Cai ,Q.Y. Sun, H.D. Li, Patterning of Nano-structured Cuprous Oxide by Surfactant-assisted Electrochemical Deposition. Crystal Growth & Design, 8, 2652(2008).


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