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李言祥
博士,教授

Tel: +86-10-62773640

Fax: +86-10-62773640

E-mail: yanxiang@tsinghua.edu.cn 

专业特长:多孔金属材料,铸造合金,金属凝固技术

基本状况

澳门新葡萄赌场娱乐教授、博士生导师,学术委员会副主任,材料精确成形研究室主任,先进成形制造教育部重点实验室轻金属分室主任。2004起多次担任中国材料研究学会多孔材料分会年会主席,兼任中国铸造学会特种铸造与非铁合金委员会副主任,复合材料技术委员会副主任,铸钢及熔炼专业委员会副主任,《特种铸造与有色合金》编委会副主任。先后主持和参与包括国家级重点基金项目、973项目、地方基金项目及与企业合作等科研项目40余项,发表论文160多篇,出版教材及翻译学术著作等5本,长期主讲材料加工方面的课程。

教学状况

自2003年起,主讲本科生课程“材料加工原理”(国家精品课) (24/48学时,春季)

自1992年起,主讲本科生课程“复合材料”(2007年起为高年级研讨课) (32学时,秋季)

自1999年起,主讲研究生课程“现代材料加工” (16/48学时,春季)

1996~2002,主讲研究生课程“金属凝固”(24/48学时)

1993~1998,主讲研究生课程“现代激光加工”(12/48学时)

1992~1995,主讲本科生课程 “Basic Metallurgy”(16/32学时)


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  • 教育背景
  • 工作履历
  • 研究领域
  • 研究概况
  • 奖励与荣誉
  • 学术成果

1989.6,清华大学机械工程系,工学博士

1985.6,哈尔滨工业大学金属材料及工艺系,工学硕士

1982.6,哈尔滨工业大学金属材料及工艺系,工学学士


2013.01~                澳门新葡萄赌场娱乐,教授

1998.08-2012.12  清华大学机械工程系,教授

2007.01-2007.02  University of Lule?, Sweden,访问教授

1993.01-1998.07  清华大学机械工程系,副教授

1992.01-1992.12  清华大学机械工程系,讲师

1990.10-1991.12  University of Liverpool,UK,访问学者

1989.08-1990.10  清华大学机械工程系,助教,讲师


多孔金属材料:定向凝固多孔金属(Gasar),泡沫铝

铸造合金:铸铁,铸钢,铸造铝合金,铸造耐磨材料

金属凝固技术:定向凝固理论,多元合金凝固


目前主要研究项目

科技部国际合作计划,2013DFR50330,“定向凝固多孔金属微通道热沉技术的联合研发”,2013/4~2015/3

浙江某企业横向,“新型纤维泡沫铝复合层板工艺开发”, 2013/3~2014/12

浙江某企业横向,“熔体发泡法批量生产泡沫铝技术”, 2012/6~2013/12

工信部04专项,“高档数控机床用铸铁床身精度保持成套技术研究”, 2012/1-2014/12

清华大学自主科研,“规则微-纳复合多孔金属的制备及其流动换热特性”, 2010/7~2013/6

 辽宁某企业横向,“定向凝固多孔金属材料制备及应用技术”, 2010/12~2012/12

国家自然科学基金,50974080,“高硬度高强韧Fe-C-Si-B耐磨合金凝固组织及性能研究”,2010/1~2012/12

 NSFC-云南联合基金,U0837603,“多孔铜基材料结构控制及其力学和热学性能基础研究”, 2009/1~2012/12


北京市高等教育精品教材奖(2007);

清华大学教学成果一等奖(2006);

国家知识产权局第八届中国专利奖优秀奖(2003);

教育部科学技术奖技术发明一等奖(2002);

清华大学科研成果推广应用效益显著奖一等奖(2002);

清华大学学术新人奖(2000);

国家教委科技进步一等奖(1995);

清华大学基础研究成果奖(1993)。


发明专利

发明专利1:一种高硅耐磨铸钢的制造方法,ZL 99105704.X,已授权十几家企业生产应用

发明专利2:金属表面等离子喷涂后激光熔覆制备陶瓷涂层的方法,ZL 981012930.0

主要出版物

[1] 李言祥主编. 《材料加工原理》,清华大学出版社,2005。

[2] Xingming Zhang, Yanxiang Li, Yuan Liu, Huawei Zhang. Fabrication of a bimodal micro/ nanoporous metal by the Gasar and dealloying processes, Materials Letters, 92(2013)448-451

[3] Huawei Zhang, Liutao Chen, Yuan Liu, Yanxiang Li. Experimental Study on Heat Transfer Performance of Lotus-type Copper Heat Sink, International Jouranl of Heat and Mass Transfer, Volume 56, Issues 1–2, January 2013, Pages 172-180

[4] Liu Xingnan, Li Yanxiang, Prediction of melt residual in batch type gas injection foaming process, Journal of Materials Processing Technology,  212(2012)181-187

[5] 陈刘涛, 张华伟, 刘源, 李言祥. “定向凝固多孔铜热沉传热性能的实验研究”,金属学报, 2012: 48(No.3): 329-333

[6] 陈刘涛, 张华伟, 刘源, 李言祥. “定向凝固多孔铜热沉传热性能的理论分析”,金属学报, 2012: 48(No.11): 1374-1380

[7] 刘兴男,李言祥,陈祥. 吹气法制备泡沫铝单炉发泡工艺中熔体剩余比例的预测,中国有色金属学报,Vol.22,No.7 (2012),1-6

[8] Guangrui Jiang  and  Yanxiang Li.  A Model for Calculating Hydrogen Solubility in Liquid Metals,  Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A,2011, 42(4), 1038-1043.

[9] JIANG Guang-rui, LI Yan-xiang, LIU Yuan. Influence of Solidification Mode on Pore Structure of Directionally Solidified Porous Cu-Mn Alloy, Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China,Vol. 21, No.1(2011),88 – 95。

[10] 袁文文,李言祥,陈祥. 穿孔法改进泡沫铝的吸声性能,中国有色金属学报,Vol. 21, No.1, 2011, pp. 0138-0144

[11] 刘兴男,李言祥,陈祥,范雪柳. 气室体积和吹气口数量对泡沫铝孔径的影响,机械工程学报,2011, 47(6): 73-79.

[12] JIANG Guang-rui, LI Yan-xiang, LIU Yuan. Calculating Hydrogen Solubility in Molten Alloys,Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China,Vol. 21, No.5(2011),1130-1135。

[13] 刘兴男,李言祥,陈祥,范雪柳. 吹气发泡工艺中加Ca对颗粒分散程度和泡沫稳定性的影响,中国有色金属学报,Vol.21, No.2 (2011),392-398。

[14] 范雪柳,陈祥,刘兴男,李言祥. 吹气发制备泡沫铝的性能,中国有色金属学报,Vol.21, No.6 (2011),1320-1327。

[15] Xiang Chen, Yanxiang Li and Huiming Zhang. Microstructure and mechanical properties of high boron white cast iron with about 4% chromium, J Mater Sci, (2011) 46, 957-963.

[16] Fan Xueliu, Chen Xiang and Li Yanxiang. The structure and Acoustic Properties of Aluminum Foams by Gas Injection Method, Advanced Materials Research, Vols.146-147(2011),1049-1055.

[17] Liu Yuan, Ding Chao, Li Yan-Xiang, Grain refining mechanism of Al-3B master alloy on hypoeutectic Al-Si alloys, Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China,Vol. 21, No.7(2011),1435 – 1440。

[18] 刘源, 李言祥, 刘润发. 连铸法Gasar工艺中抽拉速率对多孔金属结构影响的理论分析, 金属学报,2010, 46(02):129-134。

[19] Li Yanxiang, Yuan Wenwen and Chen Xiang, The Solidification Structure and Sound Absorbability of A356 Alloy Foams, Materials Science Forum, 656(2010), 994-997.

[20] LIU Xingnan, LI Yanxiang , CHEN Xiang , LIU Yuan , Fan Xueli,FOAM STABILITY IN GAS INJECTION FOAMING PROCESS, J. of Materials Science, 2010, 45(23): 6481-6493.

[21] Chen Xiang and Li Yanxiang. Effect of heat treatment on microstructure and mechanical properties of high boron white cast iron, Materials Science and Engineering A, 528(2010), 771-775.

[22] 刘兴男,李言祥,陈祥,刘源. 吹气法制备泡沫铝工艺中泡沫的稳定性判据,机械工程学报,2010, 46(22): 47-52.

[23] Guangrui Jiang, Yanxiang Li and Yuan Liu. Experimental study on the pore structure of directionally solidified porous Cu-Mn alloy, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, 2010, 41(13), 3405-3411.

[24] Chen Xiang and Li Yanxiang. Effects of strontium and boron interactions in Li-7Si alloys, Foundry, Vol. 7, No.4, p. 325-330, 2010.

[25] Zhongli Liu, Xiang Chen, Yanxiang Li, Kaihua Hu. Study of high boron iron-based alloy and its modification, Journal of Iron and Steel Research, 2009, 16(3):37-42, 54.

[26] X. Wang, Y. X. Li and Y. Liu, Bidirectional Solidification of Metal-Gas Eutectics and Fabrication of Radial-type Porous Magnesium, Inter. J. Cast Metals Research, Vol.22, No.1-4(2009), 200-203.

[27] 刘源,陈敏,李言祥,陈祥. AlxCoCrCuFeNi多主元高熵合金的微观结构和力学性能. 稀有金属材料与工程,2009(09)1602-1607。

[28] 袁文文,陈祥,刘源,李言祥. 熔体发泡法批量制备泡沫铝板材关键技术的研究,稀有金属材料与工程,2009(S3):306-310。

[29] X. J. Sun and Y. X. LI, X. Chen. Identification and evaluation of modification level for compacted graphite cast iron, J. Materials Processing Technology, 200(2008)471-480.

[30] 蒋光锐,刘源,李言祥,苏彦庆,郭景杰. 氢在合金熔体中溶解度的计算模型,金属学报,2008,44(2):129-133。

[31] Zhongli Liu, Yanxiang Li, Xiang Chen,Kaihua Hu. Study on microstructure and mechanical properties of high boron white cast iron, Materials Science and Engineering A, 486(2008)112-116.

[32] Zhongli Liu, Xiang Chen,Yanxiang Li, Kaihua Hu. Effect of Chromium on microstructure and properties of high boron white cast iron, Metallurgical and Materials Transaction A, Vol.39, No.3 (2008) 636-641.

[33] Y. X. Li, Z. L. Liu, X. Chen, Development of boron white cast iron, Inter. J. Cast Metals Research, Vol.21, No.1-4 (2008), 67-70.

[34] 王雪,李言祥,刘 源. 熔体流动对镁/氢共晶二维定向凝固的影响, 金属学报,2008,44(9):626-630。

[35] X. J. Sun and Y. X. LI, Influence of Blast-induction Duplex Melting Process on the Melt Quality and Solidification of Gray Cast Iron, Inter. J. Cast Metals Research, Vol.20, No.5(2007), 240-245.

[36] Chen Xiang, Li Yanxiang. Fracture toughness improvement of austempered high silicon steel by titanium, vanadium and rare earth elements multi-element modification. Mater. Sci. & Eng A. 444(2007)298~305

[37] Wang Xue, Li Yanxiang, Liu Yuan. Structural Features in Radial-type Porous Magnesium Fabricated by Bidirectional Solidification. Mater. Sci. & Eng A. 444(2007)306-313.

[38] Wan Jiang, Li Yanxiang, Liu Yuan, Spatial distribution of pores in lotus-type porous metal, J. of Materials Science, 42 (2007) 6446-6452

[39] X. J. Sun, Y. X. LI and X. Chen. Controlling Melt Quality of Compacted Graphite Iron, Mater. Sci. & Eng. A. 466(2007)1-8.

[40] 王雪,李言祥,刘源. 金属/气体共晶二维定向凝固放射状规则多孔Mg的结构特征,金属学报,2007,43(1):6-10。

[41] 张华伟,李言祥,刘源.Al-H系定向凝固制备多孔Al. 金属学报,2007,43(1):11-16。

[42] 张华伟,李言祥,刘源.氢在Gasar工艺常用纯金属中的溶解度,金属学报,2007,43(2):113-118。

[43] 陈祥,李言祥.高硅铸钢残余奥氏体分布形态及其对力学性能的影响,金属学报,2007,43 (3):235-239。

[44] 刘仲礼,李言祥,陈祥,胡开华.凝固条件对高硼铁基合金结构和性能的影响, 金属学报,2007,43 (5) 477-481。

[45] 蒋光锐,刘源,李言祥,苏彦庆,郭景杰.多元合金熔体组元活度计算方法的改进,金属学报,2007,43 (5) 503-508。

[46] 张华伟,李言祥,刘源.固/气共晶定向凝固中的工艺判据,金属学报,2007,43 (6):163-166。

[47] 张华伟,李言祥.金属熔体中气泡形核的理论分析,物理学报,Vol.56,No.8 (2007),544-551。

[48] 陈敏,刘源,李言祥,陈祥,多主元高熵合金AlTiFeNiCuCrx的微观结构和力学性能,金属学报,2007,43(10):1020-1024。

[49] Yanxiang LI, Yuan LIU, Huiyuan GENG, Dake NIE, Synthesis and Cladding of Ni3Al Intermetallic on Steel Substrate by Laser Controlled Reactive Synthesis, J. of Materials Processing Technology. 171(2006)405-410

[50] CHEN Xiang, GENG Huiyuan, LI Yanxiang,Study on the eutectic modification level of Al-7Si Alloy by computer aided recognition of thermal analysis cooling curves,Mater. Sci. & Eng. A.  419(2006)283-289.

[51] Yuan LIU, Yanxiang LI, Huawei ZHANG and Jiang WAN. Evolution of Pore Size Distribution and Mean Pore Size in Lotus-type Porous Magnesium Fabricated with Gasar Process,J. of Materials Science & Technology, Vol.22, No.3 (2006), 306-310.

[52] Yuan LIU, Yanxiang LI, Jiang WAN and Huawei ZHANG.. Metal-gas eutectic growth during unidirectional solidification. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, v 37, n 9, September, 2006, p 2871-2877

[53] CHEN Xiang, LI Yanxiang,Effects of Ti, V, and rare earth on the mechanical properties of austempered high silicon cast steel,Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, v 37, n 11, November, 2006, p 3215-3220

[54] 王雪,李言祥,刘源. 金属/气体共晶二维定向凝固制备放射状规则多孔Mg, 金属学报,2006,42(10),

[55] 陈祥,耿慧远,李言祥. B, Sr联合处理Al-7Si合金及细化变质效果评估,金属学报,2006,42(11),1130-1136.

[56] 张华伟, 李言祥, 刘源. Gasar工艺获得均匀藕状多孔结构的气压选择,金属学报,2006,42(11),1171-1176.

[57] 张华伟, 李言祥, 刘源. 藕状规则多孔Cu气孔率的理论预测,金属学报,2006,42(11),1165-1170.

[58] Li Zhenhua, Li Yanxiang, Effect of Sb on the Graphite Morphology and Mechanical Properties in Heavy Section Ductile Iron, Materials Science Forum, Vol.475-479 (2005) 2769-2972.

[59] 张华伟,李言祥,刘源.Gasar工艺中金属-氢二元相图的研究,金属学报,2005,41(1):55-59.

[60] Yanxiang Li and Qiang Wang, Intelligent Evaluation of Melt Iron Quality by Pattern Recognition of Thermal Analysis Cooling Curves, J. of Materials Processing Technology,161 (2005) 430-434.

[61] Geng Huiyuan,Li Yanxiang,Chen Xiang and Wang Xue, Effect of Boron on the eutectic solidification process of hypoeutectic Al-Si alloys,Scripta Materiala, 53(2005)69-73.

[62] LIU Yuan, LI Yanxiang, WAN Jiang, ZHANG Huawei, Evaluation of Porosity in Lotus-type Porous Magnesium Fabricated by Metal/Gas Unidirectional Coupled Growth under Pressurized Hydrogen, Mater. Sci. & Eng. A 402 (2005) 47-54.

[63] LIU Yuan, LI Yanxiang. Reply to ‘Comments on a theoretical study of the Gasarite eutectic growth’, Scripta. Metall., 2005, 52(2):803-807

[64] LIU Yuan, GUO Jingjie, JIA Jun, LI Yanxiang. Simulation of nucleation and coalescence of second phase droplets during earth-based solidification process of immiscible alloys. Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China..2005,15 (3):479-484

[65] 刘源, 李言祥, 张华伟. 金属/气体共晶定向凝固工艺参数对藕状多孔金属结构的影响, 稀有金属材料与工程, 2005,34(7):1128-1130。

[66] 刘源, 李言祥, 张华伟, 万疆. 藕状规则多孔结构形成的压力条件和气孔尺寸的演变规律, 金属学报, 2005, 41 (8) 886-890.

[67] 陈祥,耿慧远,李言祥. 亚共晶Al-Si合金变质级别的定量金相分析,金属学报, 2005, 41 (8) 891-896.

[68] Li Zhenhua, Li Yanxiang, Evaluation of melt quality and graphite degeneration prediction in heavy section ductile iron, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, v 36, n 9, September, 2005, p 2455-2460

[69] 陈祥,李言祥,符寒光. 等温淬火高硅铸钢的断裂韧性,金属学报,2005, 41 (10) 1061-1065.

[70] 刘源, 李言祥, 张华伟. 藕状多孔金属Mg的Gasar工艺制备,金属学报,2004,40(11),1121-1126。

[71] Li Zhenhua, Li Yanxiang, Geng Huiyuan, et al. Study on the Thermal Simulation of Solidification in Heavy Section Ductile iron, J. Mater. Sci. Tech., Vol.19, Suppl.1 (2003) 122-124.

[72] Y. X. Li, X. R. Xu, Q. Wang and B. C. Liu,Evaluating Melt Iron Features by Computer Aided Recognition of Thermal Analysis Cooling Curves, Inter. J. Cast Metals Research, Vol.16, No.1-3 (2003),41-45.

[73] LIU Yuan, LI Yanxiang. Theoretical analysis of bubble nucleation in GASAR materials, Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China, Vol.13, No.4 (2003), 830-834.

[74] LIU Yuan, GUO Jingjie, Jia Jun and LI Yanxiang. Formation mechanism of Al-In immiscible alloy’s microstructure by melt spinning, J. Mater. Sci. Tech, Vol.19, No.4 (2003), 376-378.

[75] 刘源, 李言祥. 难混溶合金宏观偏析形成的数值模拟, 金属学报, Vol.39, No.7(2003), 679-685.

[76] LIU Yuan, LI Yanxiang. A Theoretical Study of the Gasarite Eutectic Growth, Scripta Materiala., 49 (2003), 379-386.

[77] Q.Wang, Y.X.Li, X.C.Li. Grain refinement of Al-7Si alloys and the efficiency assessment by recognition of cooling curves, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A,Vol.34A, 2003, 1175-1182.

[78] LI Yanxiang, YAO Jiankui, LIU Yuan.  Synthesis and Cladding of Al2O3 Ceramic Coatings on Steel Substrates by a Laser Controlled Thermite Reaction, Surface & Coatings Technology, Vol.172, No.1,  (2003), 57-64.

[79] Liu Yuan, Li Yanxiang, Guo Jinjie et al. Liquid phase separating mechanism and preparation techniques of immiscible alloys, Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China, Vol.12, No.3 (2002) 357-365.

[80] Liu Yuan, Guo Jingjie, Jia Jun, Li Yanxiang, Zhao Jiuzhong. Microstructure evolution of immiscible alloys during rapid cooling through miscibility gap, Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China, Vol.12, No.2 (2002) 193-199.

[81] Qiang Wang, Kunquan Lu and Yanxiang Li. Abnormal change of the resistivity with temperature for liquid antimony,Chinese Science Bulletin,18 (2001) 35.

[82] Li Yanxiang, Chen Xiang. Microstructure and mechanical properties of austempered high silicon cast steel, Materials Science and Engineering, A 308 (2001), 277-282.

[83] Li Yanxiang, Hu Xiao and Xu Xue Rong. Pattern Recognition of Thermal Analysis Cooling Curves and Quality Evaluation of melt Cast Alloys, J. Mater. Sci. Technol., Vol.17, No.1 (2001), 73-74. 


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